ssc cgl

Every year, this exam is conducted by Staff Selection Commission for filling vacancies in various govt departments / ministries. The selection of eligible candidates is done through four tiers. A large number of graduates appear for this test but only a few are able to qualify all its tiers. The candidates should prepare according to SSC CGL Exam Syllabus 2017 given here for better preparation.

SSC CGL will be a computer based test (online examination). Tier 1 and 2 will be held online. There will be four tiers in this examination. Tier 3 will be descriptive type test. It is likely that no changes will be introduced in CGL 2017 exam pattern. Any change will be notified by SSC in its notification to be released.

SSC CGL Exam pattern 2017 Tier 1
Part Subject No. of Questions Max. Marks Time allowed
A General Intelligence & Reasoning 25 50 75 minutes (For VH and candidates suffering from Cerebral Palsy: 100 Minutes)
B General Knowledge & Awareness (Syllabus) 25 50
C Quantitative Aptitude 25 50
D English 25 50
Total 100 200

Candidates have to select one answer out of 4 choices given. 1/4 negative marks will be deducted as penalty if wrong answer given. The written exams are two tier for non interview post while three tier for interview posts. 

SSC CGL Tier 1 Syllabus 2017

General Intelligence and Reasoning

This section is based on Questions from  Series (number, figurative), similarities and differences, analogy, space visualization. Spatial orientation, problem solving, analysis, judgement. Decision making, visual memory, discrimination, observation. Direction sense test, Blood relations, arithmetical reasoning and figural classification. Arithmetic number series, non-verbal series, coding and decoding. Statement conclusion, syllogism in reasoning etc. The topics are Semantic Analogy, Symbolic/Number Analogy. Figural Analogy, Ranking test, Semantic Classification, Symbolic/Number Classification. Figural Classification, Input-Output, Problem Solving, Word Building, Seating arrangement, Numerical Operations, symbolic Operations. Dies, Clock, Calender. Trends, Space Orientation, Space Visualization, Venn Diagrams. Drawing inferences, folding & un-folding of Punched hole/pattern. Figural Pattern – folding and completion, Indexing, Address matching. Date & city matching, Classification of centre codes/roll numbers. Small & Capital letters/numbers coding, decoding and classification. Embedded Figures, Critical thinking. Emotional Intelligence, Social Intelligence etc.

Topic No. of Questions
Series 2-3
Analogy 2-3
Classification 2-3
Statement-Conclusion 1-2
Directions 1-2
Puzzle 2-3
Word Formation 1-2
Venn Diagrams 1-2
Missing no. 1-2
Visual Reasoning (Unfolding, Mirror, Counting) 4-5
Word Arrangement 1-2
Coding-Decoding 2-3
Matrix Based 1

English Language

Through this section, a candidate's ability to understand and correct English etc. would be tested. The syllabus includes Fill in the Blanks, Idioms & Phrases, Jumbled sentences (ordering), One word substitution. Synonyms, Antonyms, Spellings/Detecting Mis-spelt words, Common errors, sentence improvement, Passage, Cloze test are asked.

Topic No. of Questions
Reading Comprehension 1 passage 5
Fill in the blanks 0-5
Common Errors 0-5
Spelling errors 2-3
Synonyms / Antonyms 2-4
Sentence Correction 0-5
Idioms / One word substitution 2-3

Quantitative Aptitude:

This section's syllabus have Percentages. Ratio & Proportion. Square and cube roots. Surds and indices. Lcm and hcf, Averages, Age problems. Simple interest and Compound Interest, Profit and Loss, Discount, Partnership. Mixture and Alligation, Time and distance, Time & Work, Boat and Streams, Pipes and Cisterns. Numbers, Algebra, Geometry, Trigonometry, Heights and Distances.

Divisions and Remainders, decimals ,fractions and relationships between numbers. Graphs of Linear Equations, Triangles (centres, congruence, similarity), In circles and circum-circle. Triangle, Quadrilaterals, Regular Polygons. Circle, Right Prism, Right Circular Cone. Right Circular Cylinder, Sphere, Hemispheres, Rectangular Parallelopiped.

Regular Right Pyramid with triangular or square base, Trigonometric ratio. Degree and Radian Measures, Circle and its chords. tangents, angles subtended by chords of a circle. common tangents to two or more circles, Standard Identities. Complementary angles, Heights and Distances. Histogram, Frequency polygon, Bar diagram & Pie chart.

Topic No. of Questions
Arithmetic 15
Trigonometry 7
Number System 2-5
Algebra 7
Geometry  12-18
Data Interpretation  5-7

General Awareness

General Awareness will have questions on current events, India and its neighbouring countries. Also ques. from History. Geography, Economic Scene,Culture, General Policy & Scientific Research are asked. Scientific research includes physics, chemistry and Biology. Current affairs of Last 6 months are asked.

Topic No. of Questions
Indian History 2-4
Geography 2-3
Environment 1-2
Biology 1-2
Chemistry 1-3
Physics 1-2
Economy 2-4
Culture 1-2
Polity 2-4
Current Affairs 1-4
Sports, Books & Author, Important people 0-2
Dates, Portfolios, Schemes 1-2
Computer and Mobile Technology 0-2
Diseases, environmental pollution 1-2
Nutrition 1-2


There are four papers in 2nd Tier,These are:

  • Quantitative Ability
  • English Language & Comprehension
  • Statistics (Only for Statistical Investigator posts)
  • Finance & Accounts (Only for Assistant Audit Officer (AAO) in C&AG posts)
Paper I Quantitative Ability - for all posts 200 marks 100 questions 2 hours
Paper II English language & Comprehension - for all posts 200 marks 200 questions 2 hours
Paper III Statistics (only for Statistical Investigator & Compiler posts) 200 marks 100 questions 2 hours
Paper IV General Studies (Finance and Economics) - Only for Assistant Audit Officer Group B posts 200 marks 40-Finance & Accounts 60-from Economics & Governance 2 hours

Difficulty Level:

  • Paper-I would be of 10th Standard level
  • Paper-II of 10+2 level
  • Paper III & IV of graduation level.

Paper-1 : Quantitative Ability :

The questions will be designed to test the ability of appropriate use of numbers and number sense of the candidate. The syllabus of this one will have questions based on computation of whole numbers, decimals , fractions and relationships between numbers, Percentage. Ratio & Proportion,Square roots, Averages, Interest, Profit and Loss, Discount, Partnership Business, Mixture and Alligation, Time and distance, Time & Work, Basic algebraic identities of School Algebra & Elementary surds, Graphs of Linear Equations, Triangle and its various kinds of centres, Congruence and similarity of triangles, Circle and its chords, tangents, angles subtended by chords of a circle, common tangents to two or more circles, Triangle, Quadrilaterals, Regular Polygons , Circle, Right Prism, Right Circular Cone, Right Circular Cylinder, Sphere, Hemispheres, Rectangular Parallelepiped, Regular Right Pyramid with triangular or square base, Trigonometric ratio, Degree and Radian Measures, Standard Identities, Complementary angles, Heights and Distances, Histogram, Frequency polygon, Bar diagram & Pie chart.

Paper-2 : English Language & Comprehension :

Spot the error, questions on filling blanks, synonyms and antonyms, spelling error detection,  mis-spelt words, shuffling of sentence parts in a passage.  Comprehension passages, passage, idioms & phrases, 1 word substitution. Sentence improvement, active & passive voices, Direct indirect Narration conversion. The standard of the questions will be of 10+2 level).

Paper-3 : Statistics for Investigator Grade-II, Ministry of Statistics & Programme Implementation & Compiler in RGI :

Collection Classification and Presentation of Statistical Data – Primary and Secondary data, Methods of data collection; Tabulation of data; Graphs and charts; Frequency distributions; Diagrammatic presentation of frequency distributions. Measures of Central Tendency- Common measures of central tendency – mean median and mode; Partition values- quartiles, deciles, percentiles. Measures of Dispersion- Common measures dispersion – range, quartile deviations, mean deviation and standard deviation; Measures of relative dispersion. Moments, Skewness and Kurtosis – Different types of moments and their relationship; meaning of skewness and kurtosis; different measures of skewness and kurtosis.

Correlation and Regression – Scatter diagram; simple correlation coefficient; simple regression lines; Spearman’s rank correlation; Measures of association of attributes; Multiple regression; Multiple and partial correlation (For three variables only). Probability Theory – Meaning of probability; Different definitions of probability; Conditional probability; Compound probability; Independent events; Bayes’ theorem. Random Variable and Probability Distributions – Random variable; Probability functions; Expectation and Variance of a random variable; Higher moments of a random variable; Binomial , Poisson, Normal and Exponential distributions; Joint distribution of two random variable (discrete). Sampling Theory – Concept of population and sample; Parameter and statistic, Sampling and non-sampling errors; Probability and non-probability sampling techniques(simple random sampling, stratified sampling, multistage sampling, multiphase sampling, cluster sampling, systematic sampling, purposive sampling, convenience sampling and quota sampling); Sampling distribution(statement only); Sample size decisions. Statistical Inference - Point estimation and interval estimation, Properties of a good estimator, Methods of estimation (Moments method, Maximum likelihood method, Least squares method), Testing of hypothesis, Basic concept of testing, Small sample and large sample tests, Tests based on Z, t, Chi-square and F statistic, Confidence intervals. Analysis of Variance - Analysis of one-way classified data and two-way classified data. Time Series Analysis - Components of time series, Determinations of trend component by different methods, Measurement of seasonal variation by different methods. Index Numbers - Meaning of Index Numbers, Problems in the construction of index numbers, Types of index number, Different formulae, Base shifting and splicing of index numbers, Cost of living Index Numbers, Uses of Index Numbers

Paper-4 : General Studies (Finance and Economics) for the post of Assistant Audit Officer in Indian Audit & Accounts Department under CAG :

Part A: Finance and Accounts-(80 marks)

Fundamental principles and basic concept of Accounting. Financial Accounting: Nature and scope, Limitations of Financial Accounting, Basic concepts and Conventions, Generally Accepted Accounting Principles. Basic concepts of accounting: Single and double entry, Books of original Entry, Bank Reconciliation, Journal, ledgers, Trial Balance, Rectification of Errors, Manufacturing, Trading, Profit & loss Appropriation Accounts, Balance Sheet Distinction between Capital and Revenue Expenditure, Depreciation Accounting, Valuation of Inventories, Non-profit organisations Accounts, Receipts and Payments and Income & Expenditure Accounts, Bills of Exchange, Self Balancing Ledgers.

Part B: Economics and Governance-(120 marks)

  • Comptroller & Auditor General of India- Constitutional provisions, Role and responsibility
  • Finance Commission-Role and functions
  • Basic Concept of Economics and introduction to Micro Economics
  • Theory of Demand and Supply: Meaning and determinants of demand, Law of demand and Elasticity of demand, Price, income and cross elasticity; Theory of consumer’s behaviour-Marshallian approach and Indifference curve approach, Meaning and determinants of supply, Law of supply and Elasticity of Supply.
  • Theory of Production and cost: Meaning and Factors of production; Laws of production- Law of variable proportions and Laws of returns to scale.
  • Forms of Market and price determination in different markets Various forms of markets-Perfect Competition, Monopoly, Monopolistic Competition and Oligopoly ad Price determination in these markets
  • Indian Economy: Nature of the Indian Economy Role of different sectors-Role of Agriculture, Industry and Services-their problems and growth; National Income of India-Concepts of national income, Different methods of measuring national income Population-Its size, rate of growth and its implication on economic growth Poverty and unemployment- Absolute and relative poverty, types, causes and incidence of unemployment Infrastructure-Energy, Transportation, Communication
  • Economic Reforms in India: Economic reforms sice 1991; Liberalisation, Privatisation, Globalisation and Disinvestment
  • Money and Banking: Monetary/ Fiscal policy- Role and functions of Reserve Bank of India; functions of commercial Banks/RRB/Payment Banks Budget and Fiscal deficits and Balance of payments Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management Act, 2003
  • Role of Information Technology in Governance: The marks obtained by the candidates in Tier I & Tier II, together, would determine the eligibility of the candidates to appear in Tier III & Tier IV.

SSC CGL SYLLABUS TIER III: Descriptive Type Paper

It will be a descriptive type Pen and Paper mode examination. The Descriptive Paper will be in English/Hindi (writing of Essay/Precis/Letter /Application Writing etc. It will be of Total 100 marks and 60 minutes time is given for it (For VH and candidates suffering from Cerebral Palsy: 80 Minutes).

This test has been introduced to assess the writing skills of the candidates which is necessary in Government jobs. It would comprise writing of an Essay / Passage of 250 words and Letter / Application Writing of approximately 150 words. The qualifying marks in Tier-III would be 33 per cent. This will have to be written either in Hindi or in English. Part paper written in Hindi and Part in English will not be evaluated. The questions would be of 10+2 standard.


  • Marks for Interview cum Personality Test (except non-interview posts)- 100 marks.
  • Skill Test is conducted for tax assistant posts in Central Excise & Income Tax. CPT is conducted for Assistants in CSS.
  • Data Entry Speed Test (DEST): speed of data entry must be 8,000 Key Depression/hr. on Computer
  • Data Entry Speed Skill Test at 2000 key depressions in 15 min will be tested and candidates will have to qualify it as it will be of qualifying nature.
  • NOTE: Tier-I examination is for screening the candidates for Tier-II examination for various papers. Marks of Tier 1 will be counted in final selection.

Tips to clear CGL Exam

  • Do maximum no. of questions but only do those you know well.
  • Always do those question first which you see easy to you.
  • Don't be in a hurry when solving the paper. 
  • Use all the shortcuts / concepts you know to solve the paper as quickly as you can. The more questions you solve correctly, the more are the chances of you getting the test quallified.
  • Always do the easy section first and then move on to the tougher one.
  • If a question is found tough, leave it and move on to other question. Dont't stuck on a question.
  • Always wear a watch when in any exam to keep yourself updated with time. 
  • Don't do those question in which you seems confused as there is negative marking.